Romeo and Juliet: Balcony Scene Analysis

While creating multiple film adaptations of the classic Shakespearean tragedy, Romeo and Juliet, many people have tried to establish the same, timeless magic of the balcony scene. However, when analysing the balcony scene during the 1968 version of the film, directed by Franco Zeffirelli, and the 1996 version of the film, directed by Carlo Carlei, the differences are extremely clear. By examining the setting of the scene, as well as the placement of Romeo and Juliet, one can recognize that the balcony scenes in the two films are very unique and distinct.

(1) 1996-In the Pool

(1) 1996-In the Pool

During the 1968 version of the film, similar to the original play, the balcony scene is indeed portrayed on a balcony. Though, during the 1996 version of the film, the “balcony scene” is filmed near and inside of a pool. Furthermore, the pool is situated inside of a modern mansion, equipped with security cameras. Due to this, Romeo and Juliet are scared of being captured by the cameras and consequently being seen by the guards on duty. Though, in the original play, and, during the 1968 version of the film, they are terrified of being caught and punished by Juliet’s kinsmen. In addition, by including the balcony as part of an old castle, the 1968 film has been able to portray the Elizabethan era and maintain an authentic feeling. Furthermore, the balcony in the 1968 film is small in size, whereas, the pool and surrounding area of the 1996 film is extremely large. 

The larger area in the 1996 version of the film allows for more movement, as well as capturing the surrounding space during the scene. As a result, while focusing on the main scene, the audience is able to view the curtains moving, as well as the security cameras circulating in the background. The larger area adds a layer of suspense and tension to the scene. Moreover, during the beginning of the scene, Juliet is shown coming out of an elevator while Romeo is hiding behind a wall. When exiting out of the elevator, unknowingly, Romeo and Juliet are standing very close to each other. Unintentionally, Romeo startles Juliet, as a result, they both fall into the pool. Subsequently, the rest of the balcony scene, and their romance, is filmed while swimming on the surface of the water, or, hiding underneath. The 1968 version of the film has stayed truer to the original play. Juliet is placed on a balcony overlooking the Capulets’ garden. At the same time, Romeo is placed outside of the balcony. They are shown reaching towards each other, signifying their longing to be together.

(2) 1968: Balcony Scene-Romeo and Juliet Reach Towards Each Other

(2) 1968: Balcony Scene-Romeo and Juliet Reach Towards Each Other


The 1996 version of the film has provided the play with a modern twist, whereas, the 1968 version resembles the original play. Using setting and placement of characters, both films have portrayed the balcony scene in extremely differently and unique ways.


(1) 1996-In the Pool. No Author.,. Retrieved 17 June 2015. From

(2) 1968: Balcony Scene-Romeo and Juliet Reach Towards Each Other. No Author.,. ‘In Plain English …: “O ROMEO, ROMEO! WHEREFORE ART THOU ROMEO?”‘. 2012. Retrieved 17 June 2015. From

Romeo and Juliet-Act 1: Film Analysis (1968 vs. 2013)

The dramatic tragedy, Romeo and Juliet, initially written by William Shakespeare, has been recreated in the form of a film by many people. Each film shares the basic outline of the play, however, in its entirety, each has been depicted in different, unique ways. One can see the differences and similarities in the first act of the 1968 and 2013 versions of the film through the analysis and comparison of costumes, actors/actresses and adaptation of the thumb biting incident.  The 1968 version was directed by Franco Zeffirelli whereas the 2013 version was directed by Carlo Carlei.

Romeo and Juliet 1968-Movie Trailer

Romeo and Juliet 2013-Movie Trailer


  • 1968-Clothing the characters wore indicated which house they belonged to; people from the House of Capulet wore red and yellow whereas people from the House of Montague wore green and blue
    [2] Capulet and Montague Costumes

    (1) 1968- Capulet and Montague Costumes

  • 1968-Characters seemed as if they were dressed like jokers from a deck of playing cards
  • 1968-Women wore long, frilly dresses, however men wore tights and blazers
  •  2013-Clothing styles were contemporary and elegant
  • 2013-Women wore long, fancy dresses while men wore pants, shirts, capes and boots

    (2) 2013- Costumes

    (2) 2013- Costumes


  • 1968 & 2013-Romeo is played by handsome, attractive and strong looking actors, both look approximately 17 years old
  • 1968-Romeo is portrayed by Leonard Whiting
  • 1968-Romeo is introduced as the love-sicken boy, deeply saddened by Rosaline’s rejection
  • 2013-Douglas Booth is casted as Romeo

    (4) 2013-Douglas Booth as Romeo

    (3) 2013-Douglas Booth as Romeo

  • 2013-Romeo is first shown sculpting, he portrays a confident, happy character and does not seem to be pining over Rosaline

    (4) 1968-Romeo

    (4) 1968-Romeo


  • 1968-Olivia Hussey is casted as Juliet
  • 1968-Juliet is portrayed as a very young girl, she looks about 10 years old
  • 2013-Juliet is played by Hailee Steinfeld

    (5) 2013-Juliet

    (6) 2013-Juliet

  • 2013-Juliet seems like a confident and mature adolescent, she looks approximately 17 years old
(5) 1968-Juliet

(5) 1968-Juliet

Thumb Biting Incident

  • 1968-Sampson bites his thumb at Abram, which leads into a fight
  • 1968-The fight in the marketplace involves many people, they are shown shoving, charging and throwing objects at each other
  • 2013-In order to keep the fights off the street, the Capulets and the Montagues fight in tournaments watched by the Prince and the public
  • 2013-The thumb biting scene is skipped completely, this may be because of the year in which the film was released, in the 21st century, the audience would not understand that thumb biting was being used as an insult

    (7) Thumb Biting

    (7) 1968-Thumb Biting



(1) 1968-Capulet and Montague Costumes. No Author. Wonders in the Dark,. ’15. Romeo And Juliet (1968)’. 2014. Retreived 31 Mar. 2015. from

(2) 2013-Costumes. No Author.,. ‘Modern Cinematic Wardrobes: Interview With Costume Designer Carlo Poggioli – Irenebrination: Notes On Architecture, Art, Fashion And Style’. 2014. Retrieved 16 June 2015. from

(3) 2013-Douglas Booth as Romeo. Viner, Brian. ‘Fellowes On Form For Romeo & Juliet: The Most Tragic Tale Imaginable’. Mail Online. 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2015. from–Juliet-The-tragic-tale-imaginable.html

(4) 1968-Romeo. No Author. Fanpop,. ‘Romeo & Juliet (1968) Photos’. 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2015. from

(5) 1968-Juliet. No Author.,. ‘Pretty Pictures: 4/17/11 – 4/24/11’. 2011. Retrieved 16 June 2015. from

(6) 2013-Juliet. No Author. Just Jared Jr,. ‘Hailee Steinfeld & Douglas Booth: ‘Romeo & Juliet’ Poster Debut! | Romeo Juliet Poster Stills Debut 01 – Photo’. 2009. Retrieved 16 June 2015. from

(7) 1968-Thumb Biting. LaMonte, Jennifer. ‘Mrs. Lamonte’s English 9: March 2014’. 2014. Retrieved 16 June 2015. from

Blogger of the Week Reflection

I replied twenty times to either the same, or multiple different blog posts. On my own blogger of the week post, I replied nine times. As a result, I participated in conversations for a total of twenty-nine times. Personally, for my overall contribution to the discussions, I believe I deserve a 4/5 rating. I have participated in various discussions with feedback, insightful comments and thought provoking questions. My writing style was strong, with a minimal amount of grammar and conventional errors.  However, I did not return to most conversations and carry them forward.

Discussions on Blog Posts that I have Participated in Include:


1.) Is there some aspect of the topic, results, conclusions, or concepts for which you gained a deeper understanding of through the blog discussion? Was there some aspect of the posts you explored that you had not thought of or that you ‘learned’ about from the discussion? In other words, what aspect of the post was clarified or illuminated as a result of the blog discussion?

Personally, the discussion on Cameron’s blog, “Extremophiles and How They Can Help” helped me in gaining a deeper understanding of his topic. Prior to reading his post, I did not know anything about extremophiles. Discussions, comments and questions developed my knowledge of the topic. I was able to learn about the topic in greater detail. Comments clarified the post and provided a greater scope of information.

2.) Were there aspects of the discussions that led to more confusion for you compared to when you read the blog post alone? Was the confusion resolved through discussion? Please explain (make specific reference to the blogs involved direct quotations may be appropriate reference the author).

Personally, I felt that discussions, both in class and on the blog allowed for a better insight into each topic. The discussions “fed” the blog posts, providing the author and audience with multiple perspectives, detail, and a greater scope. As an author, discussions further allowed me to edit and enhance my blog post through feedback.

Discussion Skills:

3.) Evaluate your role in the Blogger of the Week discussions, in particular please answer the following two questions: What did you do that was effective at contributing to the discussion(s)? Be specific (adding screenshots of your contributing or copying to your blog may be appropriate). What areas do you need improvement in?

I was able to provide feedback to each blog, this aided my classmates in editing and improving their blog posts. Additionally, I asked questions that allowed my knowledge, and the knowledge of my peers to grow. On Brianna’s post, “In A New World – Blogger of The Week Post”, I asked who Jenny Dupuis is. This furthered my understanding of the Aboriginals and the measures that are in place to aid them. I became aware of valuable contributions to Brianna’s blog as well.

4.) Can you think of a contribution from another student that stood out in your mind that helped move the discussion along or help the class to move to a deeper understanding of the material? What did the student do? (no need to mention names, just describe what the students did or said).

Many students in the class asked deep, thought provoking questions after the oral presentations. This allowed for the class to better understand the material, as well as think  about the topic. Questions and comments after the oral presentations allowed authors to take suggestions to their blogs in order to improve and strengthen them. The audience was able to take strong conversations to the blog post with a wide variety of opinion and detail. Discussions after the presentation informed and equipped the audience with general knowledge of the topic.

5.) Do you have any recommendations to the class as a whole to improve class discussions? How are discussions different in an online space versus those held face to face? How are they similar?

As a class, I would recommend returning to blog posts that we have commented to and carrying the conversations forward. Multiple times, many students have replied to posts with comments, questions and further knowledge. However, when these comments and questions were replied to and answered, people did not return and re-reply. Conversations were left at a standstill, incomplete. Discussions in an online space are different because people may be having a conversation with someone who isn’t there. They have to return in order to carry the conversation forward. Whereas, conversations held face to face are further developed and completed. Questions are answered and comments replied. Furthermore, discussions in the online space occur over a long period of time, as a result, people may lose train of thought. Discussions held face to face occur together, all at once. Though, both are conversations, people are able to ask questions, provide feedback and comment.

6.) What are your overall thoughts of the Blogger of the Week assignment? Do you have any suggestions for me moving forward to either: a) improve the assignment; or b) revise the structure, delivery, or scheduling of the assignment itself? Be specific as your opinions will be very helpful for me as I plan for future classes.

Overall, I felt that the Blogger of the Week assignment was a great assignment. It allowed students to choose any topic of interest, resulting in a variety of unique topics that were enjoyed by different audiences. Though, I would recommend having three to four bloggers per week. As a result, the assignment would not lead into the end of the semester, a time when students are busy and unable to comment to posts. Additionally, due dates for the assignment should be enforced. In our class, multiple times the dates were overlooked. This resulted in many blogger of the week presentations at once, as well as posts that had to be commented to.

Revised Opinion Essay: The Importance of Daily Physical Activity

Revised on Monday June 15, 2015

The original post can be found here.

Did you know that as of 2013, obesity rates in Canadian children and youth have more than tripled in the last thirty years (Childhood Obesity)? Each day, children should participate in a wide range of physical activities for at least sixty minutes (Childhood Obesity). In Ontario, daily physical activities are mandatory in all elementary schools, however, during my personal experience as an elementary school student, from Kindergarten to Grade 8, we did not engage in physical activities regularly. Furthermore, students attending high school are only required to earn one physical education credit, which is equivalent to five months, or, one semester of physical activity during four years of schooling. Daily physical activities should be mandatory for students from Kindergarten to Grade 12. By becoming engaged in regular physically activities, children and young adolescents are able to develop a wide variety of intelligence skills, as well as maintain, increase and strengthen physical and mental health.

Regular physical activity stimulates the mind, resulting in a variety of different, well developed intelligence skills. By encouraging students to become engaged in the social, cultural and sporting life of their school community, children are able to develop social, teamwork and kinesthetic skills (Importance of Physical Education Specialists). They learn to work, coordinate and cooperate within a group while voicing their opinions and concerns. Furthermore, these young individuals have a great hand-eye coordination, as well as an excellent motor memory (Kelly Roell). They are able to duplicate things after a single glance, in addition to producing quick reactions (Kelly Roell). Moreover, children spend a considerable amount of their time in schools, as a result, schools are a powerful motivator for helping them to adopt healthy lifestyles (Importance of Physical Education Specialists). Habits that are formed in a young age often become long lasting, the habit of daily physical activity could shape the life of a child. They could lead a healthy and active lifestyle for as long as they lived.

Additionally, engaging in daily physical activities regulates and enhances physical health. However, many parents are concerned that participating in physical activities may increase the risk of injuries for their child. Uncoordinated, weak, and or overweight children may hurt themselves while using various pieces of exercise equipment (Why is Physical Activity Important). Potentially, they may trip, fall, sprain or break a bone. Though, children could become injured while doing anything; they could poke themselves in the eye with a pencil or trip and fall while walking down the hall. Injuries are a part of growing up, they shouldn’t stop children from participating in active lifestyles. Moreover, the physical health benefits of becoming regularly active outweigh the risks. As a result of being physically active on a daily basis, youth can decrease their chance of becoming obese or overweight. Additionally, chances of heart diseases, type two diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol are lessened as well (Why is Physical Activity Important). Children would live with a decreased possibility of obtaining a dangerous, lifelong disease.

Furthermore, regular physical activity preserves and sustains mental health. A lack of physical activity can result in low self-esteem, depression, anxiety and the feeling of being judged, teased or bullied (Childhood Obesity). The innocent mind of a child can become fixated on their health, as well as their body image. Negative thoughts can creep into a child’s brain. Engaging in daily physical activity simply makes the mind and heart feel positive and happy. Trying a variety of activities, individually or in a group, allows children to meet new people and make friends (Why is Physical Activity Important). Eventually, this allows for them to find an enjoyable activity and have fun as well. Moreover, physical activity can relax the mind when stressed (Top 5 Reasons Why Physical Activity is Cool). Breathing deeply while exercising allows for extra oxygen to reach the brain, clearing and calming it down (Top 5 Reasons Why Physical Activity is Cool). In addition, becoming physically active allows for a deep, well sleep at night (Why is Physical Activity Important).

There are multiple benefits to engaging in, and leading a healthy active lifestyle. Schools aid in establishing habits in children that define them as grown adults. As a result, this habit can be established at school, a place where children spend a very significant amount of their time. Daily physical activity should be mandatory and enforced at schools for students from Kindergarten to Grade 12. Becoming involved in physical activities on a regular basis allows children and youth to develop multiple intelligence skills, as well as maintain and enhance physical and mental health.

1.) No Author.,. ‘Childhood Obesity’. 2013. Retrieved 15 June 2015. From

2.) No Author.,. ‘Importance Of Physical Education Specialists | PHE Canada’. 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2015. From

3.) Roell, Kelly. ‘The Kinesthetic Learning Style’. Education. 2015. Retrieved 15 June 2015. From

4.) No Author.,. ‘Why Is Physical Activity Important?’. Retrieved 15 June 2015. From

5.) No Author.,. ‘Top 5 Reasons Why Physical Activity Is Cool’. 2007. Retrieved15 June 2015. From

Why You Should Study French as a Second Language

In Canada, French is the second official language. [1] It is studied by students in Grade 4 to Grade 9 throughout Ontario public schools  as a mandatory course. [2] However, once in Grade 10, students have the choice of continuing further studies in the language. Personally, as a person residing in Canada, I believe that it is beneficial to pursue further studies in the language of French.

[6] Flag of France

[6] Flag of France

Reasons Why You Should Study French as a Second Language:

1.) In 2011, French was spoken by 21.7% of the Canadian population [3]

2.) More than 200 million people speak the language across 5 continents

3.) Careers within the Canadian government require fluency in both, the languages of French and English

4.) Students who learn to speak an additional language develop problem solving, creative and logical thinking skills [2]

5.) Increased competitiveness and mobility in the national, and international job market

[7] Eiffel Tower

[7] Eiffel Tower

6.) Develop an understanding and appreciation of the francophone cultures

7.) A romantic language, French is similar to, and forms a base for learning Spanish, Italian, Portuguese and Romanian [4]

8.) Bilingualism delays the onset of Alzheimer’s and Dementia [5]

Why have you chosen to either pursue further studies in the language of French, or, drop it completely? Share your opinion, as well as personal reasonings below!



[1] No Author.,. ‘Immigrant Languages In Canada’. 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2015. From

[2] No Author.,. ‘French As A Second Language’. 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015. From

[3] No Author.,. ‘Linguistic Characteristics Of Canadians’. 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2015. From

[4] No Author. Consulat Général de France à Houston,. ’10 Good Reasons To Learn French’. 2009. Retrieved 14 June 2015. From

[5] Maioni, Antonia. ‘Learn French, Canada, It’s Good For You’. The Globe and Mail. 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2015. From

[6] Flag of France. No Author.,. ‘France Flag Waving – Http://Www.Wpclipart.Com/Flags/Countries/F/France/France_Flag_Waving.Png.Html’. Retrieved 14 June 2015. From

[7] Eiffel Tower. No Author.,. ‘Images France Eiffel Tower 5852’. Retrieved 14 June 2015 From

How to Grow a Plant

Would you like to enjoy the view of a garden from your porch or window? Eat fresh, accessible and homegrown fruits and vegetables? Find pleasure in the beautiful flowers and their sweet smell?  During the spring and summer, I enjoy growing various types of plants. Easy and fun, this is a great way to spend some time outdoors in the sunshine. Below, I have outlined how to grow a plant in a few, simple steps.

Materials Required:

  • 1 large flower pot
  • 1 shovel
  • 4 cups of dirt
  • 4-5 seeds (of your choice)
  • 1 watering can
  • 1 cup of water

How to Grow a Plant:

Step 1: Choose the kind of plant you would like to grow.

Step 2: Pour three cups of dirt into a flower pot. Hollow out a center.

Step 3: Place the seeds into the hollowed out area. Cover them with the remaining dirt and pat it down.

Step 4: Place your plant in the direct sunlight. Water daily.

Now you know how to grow a plant! Please feel free to ask any questions.



[1] Gore, Jessica. ‘When To Move Raspberry Plants’. LoveToKnow. Retrieved 14 June 2015. From

[2] No Author.,. ‘Online Classes’. 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015. From

[3] No Author.,. ‘Fruit Trees – Home Gardening Apple, Cherry, Pear, Plum, And Peach Trees And Burpee.Com – Burpee.Com’. Retrieved 14 June 2015. From

[4] No Author.,. ‘Cartoon Tomato Plant For Pinterest’. Retrieved 14 June 2015.From

[5] No Author.,. ‘Planting Pumpkins With Children | That Bloomin’ Garden’. Retrieved 14 June 2015. From

[6] No Author.,. ‘Table & Edible Grape Vines :Autumn Royal Products,United States Table & Edible Grape Vines :Autumn Royal Supplier’. Retrieved 14 June 2015. From;-edible-grape-vines-:autumn-royal-448354.html

[7] No Author.,. ‘Spring Seed Wine Co. | Epicurean Wines’. 2010. Retrieved 14 June 2015 From

[8] No Author.,. ‘FREEDIRTLA | NEED DIRT? WE’ve GOT IT!’. 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2015. From

[9] No Author. can, Royalty. ‘Watering Can’. Dreamstime. Retrieved 14 June 2015. From

[10] No Author.,. ‘July – 2011 – Food Pantry Garden At The Lands At Hillside Farms’. 2011. Retrieved 14 June 2015. From

[11] No Author.,. ‘Tip-Top Flower Pots: Maximize Limited Space To Grow Plants And Flowers!’. Retrieved 14 June 2015. From

[12] No Author.,. ‘No Imprint – Standard Series – Key Tags, Lockboxes, Real Estate Supplies, Brochure Boxes, Sanzo Specialties’. 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015. From

[13] No Author.,. ‘Flowers Garden Free Photos For Free Download About (1,491) Free Photos In Jpg Format . Retrieved 14 June 2015. From

[14] No Author.,. ‘Vegetable | Garden Plants Ideas’. 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2015. From

[15] J., Cosmin. ‘Idei Pentru Un Mic Dejun De Post’., in fiecare zi. 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015. From

[16] Torrisi, Lauren. ‘Japanese Eatery Serves $110 Dirt Meals’. ABC News. 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2015. From

[17] No Author. Holland, Rachel. ‘Lowe’s: $2.50/Bag For Mulch, Garden Soil And Grass Killer! – Surviving The Stores™’. Surviving The Stores™. Retrieved 14 June 2015. From

[18] Cohen, Adam. ‘Is It A Crime To Plant A Seed?’. 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2015. From


[20] No Author.,. ‘Imgs For > Sun Png Transparent’. Retrieved 14 June 2015. From

[21] No Author.,. ‘Imgs For > Plant Pot Png’. Retrieved 14 June 2015. From

An Inspirational Quote


[1] Inspirational Quote

“Laughter is timeless, imagination has no age, and dreams are forever.”

Growing up as a child, while watching many Walt Disney films and reading the famous stories, this quote has resonated with me. Spoken by the man himself; Walter Elias Disney, these are words of true wisdom. This quote refers to the three things in life that will never grow old; laughter, imagination and dreams. I believe that these are the most important components of life, with them, nothing can go wrong. They are timeless, ageless and do not have any boundaries. A reminder to the child that resides within each of us, one that should not be forgotten, held close and dear. We are never too old to laugh, imagine and dream. Life should be enjoyed, imaginations run wild, and dreams persevered till the very end.

I hope that this quote has served as a reminder to your life. Has it inspired you in anyway? What, from this quote, has resonated with you? What can you relate to? Share you thoughts below!



[1] Inspirational Quote. Walters, Victoria. ‘July | 2013 | Victoria-Writes’. 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2015. From

Joy, Pleasure, Delight, and a Smile

[1] Happiness

[1] Happiness

An emotion that can make anyone, and everyone smile; happiness. Being delighted, pleased and joyful. Personally, I find happiness in the small, simple things. Nothing extravagant! I believe that the things that make me smile are blessings, ones that have appeared just for me, to put me in an excellent mood. Some seasonal, others part of my daily life, these are all things I look forward to.

  • My loving, caring, loud and obnoxious family
  • Friends… sweet, fun and irritating
    [2] Traveling Around the World

    [2] Traveling Around the World

  • My Birthday… celebrations, cake and presents
  • Traveling… people, food, places and smells
  • Summer… heat, sunshine, beaches, picnics and adventures
  • Shopping… clothing, shoes and jewelry
  • Snow Storms… fresh blankets of snow, icicles, snowmen and hot chocolate
    [3] The Beach

    [3] The Beach

  • The Beach… oceans, sandcastles, swimming and warmth
  • New Year’s Day… fireworks, resolutions and new beginnings
  • Chocolate… sweet, rich and creamy
  • Ice Cream… cold, creamy, sweet and delicious
  • Watermelons… juicy, red, ripe, refreshing and sugary
  • Sunsets… wondrous, closure, quiet and peaceful

    [4] Watermelon

  • Cherry Blossoms… nature, flowers, pretty, pink and white
  • Hiking… in the woods, through the forest, across the river, seeing bugs and animals
  • Roses… flowers, beautiful, love, nature and red
  • Sleeping In… quiet, calm, relaxing, waking up energized and fresh
  • Parties… celebrations, music, friends, family and laughter
    [5] Roses

    [5] Roses

  • Rainbows… bright, colourful and fascinating
  • Visiting Niagara Falls… natural wonder, mist, spectacular and powerful
  • Amusement Parks… adrenaline, speed, loud, energy and fun
  • Receiving Mail… remembrance, greetings, surprises and the unexpected
  • A Clean Room… fresh, bright, calm, peaceful and relaxing
    [6] Niagara Falls

    [6] Niagara Falls

  • Boating… fresh air, splashes of water and speed
  • Photography… capturing, remembrance, moments, special and nature

There are simply so many people, moments, celebrations, things, places, and activities that are enjoyable. These are only some of the things that make me cheerful. I hope that this list has made you reflect upon some of your own personal causes for happiness. Feel free to share below!



[1] Happiness. No Author.,. ‘Happiness | Transforminglifenow’. 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015. From

[2] Travelling Around the World. Correa, Dario. ‘How To Travel The World : Askwiki’. Retrieved 14 June 2015. From

[3] The Beach. No Author.,. ‘Beach Wallpaper 1600X900px #745792’. Retrieved 14 June 2015. From

[4] Watermelon. No Author.,. ‘How To Eat Fruits & Berries’. Retrieved 14 June 2015. From

[5] Roses. No Author. Picsonica,. ’40+ Beautiful Pictures Of Roses’. Retrieved 14 June 2015. From

[6] Niagara Falls. No Author.,. ‘Tour-Niagara’. Retrieved 14 June 2015. From

The Armenian Genocide

The Armenian Genocide occurred between the years of 1915 and 1918, this was the first genocide of the twentieth century. [1]

Why is the Armenian Genocide Important?

What is Genocide?

The term ‘genocide’ did not exist before 1944. [2] Prior to the coining of the term, it was commonly referred to as “the crime without a name”. [3] In 1944, a Polish-Jewish lawyer named Raphael Lemkin sought to create the word.

Raphael Lemkin

[9] Raphael Lemkin

The term genocide is derived from the Greek word ‘geno’, meaning race or tribe, and, ‘cide’, the Latin word for killing. The United Nations established genocide as an international crime on December 9, 1948. [2]

The word genocide has been defined as:

Any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such: [2]

(a) Killing members of the group

(b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group

(c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part

(d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group

(e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group

The Location of Armenia

Present day, the country of Armenia is located in modern day Turkey, in the southwest Caucasus Region. It shares borders with Georgia and Azerbaijan to the north, and Iran and Turkey to the south. [4]

Armenia-Present Day

[10] Armenia-Present Day

Pre-World War One, Armenia was a state in the Ottoman Empire. This area was a desert. It bordered off of the Black and Mediterranean Sea. Moreover, the Ottomon Empire neighboured the countries of Syria, Iraq, Iran, Lebanon and Russia.

The Ottomon Empire and the First World War

The Armenian Genocide occurred under the cover of the First World War. During the War, the Ottomon Empire had allied with Germany. [5] However, Russia had allied with Great Britain and France. [6]

[11] Ottomon Empire During the First World War

[11] Ottomon Empire During the First World War

The surrounding countries, as well as the national and international communities were at war. Each country was acting in their own best interests. They were focused on fighting and trying to gain victory. No one was paying attention to, or noticing the crimes and mistreatment that were being conducted against the Armenians.

We and They-The Creation of the “Other”

The Ottomon Empire was a monarchy, ruled by the Turkish majority under the Sultan. The Turks practised the religion of Islam, Ottomon law widely complied with Islamic law. Yet, the Armenians were a Christian minority, second class citizens and a subject population. [7] As Non-Muslims, they were commonly discriminated against.

Discriminatory Actions Included: [7]

  • Being obligated to pay additional taxes.
  • Denied participation in the government
  • Prohibited from entering the Ottoman army
  • Subjected to exploitation
  • Made to work hard labour jobs

Scattered across the empire, and not concentrated in a certain area, the Armenians were unable to become an independent nation.

Armenians Aspire for Change

Political and economic differences in the Ottomon Empire resulted in ethnic tensions. The Armenians yearned for equal representation and participation within the government. Between the years of 1890 and 1908, the Armenians began to take a stand and fight for change. Young Armenians pressed for a constitutional government, the right to vote and an end to the discriminative taxes. [1] Political Armenian organizations demanded administrative reforms, as well as improved police protection. Their pleas were met with persecutions and massacres by Sultan Abdul Hamid, the reigning sultan since 1876. [7] Additionally, rumours were fabricated and spread throughout the empire. The Sultan further made symbols and words related to the Armenian people and the state of Armenia illegal. These actions were meant to frighten the Armenians and weaken their expectations. However, the Sultan’s days were numbered.

The Rise of the Young Turks

[12] Young Turk Leaders

[12] Young Turk Leaders

In response to the ethnic crisis within the empire, the Young Turks (a new political group), seized power by revolution on July 8, 1908. The Young Turks were reform-minded Turkish nationalists, they guaranteed basic rights and campaigned towards forming a constitutional government. Armenians were delighted with the sudden change of events and the prospect for a better future. Both, Armenians and Turks publicly rallied for freedom, equality, and justice. [1]

Turkish Nationalism

Hopes of a brighter future were soon crushed. In 1913, three members of the Young Turks; Mehmed Talaat, Ismail Enver and Ahmed Djemal seized full power of the government by staging a coup. The Ottomon Empire fell under a dictatorial rule. These men began to plan for the future of a new, Turkish empire; with one language and one religion. They wanted to unite the Turkish people in the region while expanding the borders of the empire eastward. Their motto was, “Turkey for the Turks”. Unfortunately, the traditional, historic Armenian homeland laid directly in the path of the Young Turks’ plan to expand eastward. [1]

The Genocide Begins

The Young Turks were determined to resolve the “Armenian question” by elimination and extermination. The decision and instructions to annihilate the entire Armenian population were given by Mehmed Talaat, Ismail Enver and Ahmed Djemal. Orders were transmitted though coded telegrams. Armed arrests began on April 24, 1915. [1]

Acts of Genocide Included: [1]

  • Confiscation of weapons
  • Formation of labour battalions
  • Forced to build roads
  • Human pack animals (pulled wagons and heavy loads in the place of animals)
  • The massacre of 300 Armenian intellects (political leaders, educators, writers, clergy and dignitaries)
  • Imprisonment
  • Systematic murder
  • Hangings
  • Shooting
  • Use of bayonets
  • Stabbed with knives and sticks
  • Death marches
  • Thrown off of cliffs
  • Burned alive
  • Drowned in rivers
  • Separation of men, women, children, elderly, diseased and handicapped
  • Forced to convert to Islam
  • Given Turkish names
  • Confiscation of property
  • Confiscation of valuables and jewelry
  • Confiscation of belongings
  • Relocated and concentrated in certain areas
    [13] Deportations

    [13] Deportations

  • Stolen from
  • Killed for pleasure, without reason
  • Sexual abuse
  • Rape of young girls and women
  • Denied food and water
  • Beatings
  • Abductions
  • Slavery

Over the course of the genocide (1915-1918), it is estimated that approximately one million five hundred thousand Armenians perished. [7] As a result of unrelenting threats by the Young Turks, resistance by the Armenians was very infrequent.


During the genocide, the Armenians were not provided with aid or humanitarian intervention. However, they managed to acquire weapons, fight back and repel against Turkish invasions. Following the victory at the battle of Sardarabad, Armenian leaders declared the establishment of the independent Republic of Armenia in a small portion of their historic homeland. [1] The occurrence of the genocide formed a diaspora of the Armenian population, they are spread across the world without a true homeland. [7]


The Armenian Genocide is widely denied by countries around the world. The year 2015 marked the centennial of the Armenian Genocide, sadly, it has only been officially recognized by twenty-three countries.

These Countries Include: [8]

  1. Uruguay-1965
  2. Cyprus-1975
  3. European Union-1987
  4. Russia-1995
  5. Canada-1996
  6. Lebanon-1997
  7. Belgium-1998
  8. France-1998
  9. Greece-1999
  10. Vatican-2000
  11. Italy-2000
  12. Switzerland-2003
  13. Argentina-2004
  14. Slovakia-2004
  15. Netherlands-2004
  16. Venezula-2005
  17. Poland-2005
  18. Lithuania-2005
  19. Chile-2007
  20. Sweden-2010
  21. Bolivia-2014
  22. Austria-2015
  23. Luxembourg-2015

Turkey, the country where, and by whom the genocide was carried out denies it as well. Denial occurs on a very professional and official level. Access to all websites that refer to the Armenian genocide are blocked. In addition, books are regulated. Denial is part of the Turkish educational system as well. Universities around the globe are influenced by Turkey, grants are provided in order to deny the genocide. Also, the media is often challenged . Speaking about the Armenian Genocide and related events is illegal and punishable.

Not only are survivors and Armenian descendants left with the pain of their experiences. They hold the knowledge that their ancestors died in vain. The world, globally, does not recognize or commemorate the death of these individuals. The Armenians continue to fight for recognition to this day.


Was the Armenian Genocide an event you were aware of?

What were some of your thoughts, feelings and reactions while reading this blog post?

How do you think we can aid in the recognition of this genocide?


[1] No Author. United Human Rights Council,. ‘Armenian Genocide | United Human Rights Council’. Retrieved 12 May 2015. From

[2] No Author.,. ‘What Is Genocide?’ 2014. Retrieved 12 May 2015. From

[3] Fussell, James T. ‘”A Crime Without A Name” – Prevent Genocide International’. Retrieved 12 May 2015. From

[4] No Author.,. ‘Armenia – Location And Size, Population, Mining, Manufacturing, Services, Tourism’. Retrieved 12 May 2015. From

[5] No Author. Encyclopedia Britannica,. ‘Allied Powers | International Alliance’. 2014. Retrieved 12 May 2015. From

[6] No Author. Encyclopedia Britannica,. ‘Central Powers | European Coalition’. 2014. Retrieved 12 May 2015. From

[7] Adalian, Rouben Paul. ‘Armenian Genocide’. Retrieved 12 May 2015. From

[8] No Author. Armenian Genocide Centennial,. ‘States’. 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2015. From

[9] Raphael Lemkin. Leipzig, Arthur. ‘The Man Who Criminalized Genocide | Duke Magazine’. 2013. Retrieved 13 May 2015. From                

[10] Armenia-Present Day.,. ‘Armenia Atlas: Maps And Online Resources’. Retrieved 13 May 2015. From

[11] Ottomon Empire During the First World War. Raymer, Gayle Olsen. ‘Hist 111 Fall 2014 Introduction’. 2014. Retrieved 13 May 2015. From

[12] Young Turk Leaders. Buxton, Charles Roden. ‘Ottoman Empire’. Wikipedia. Retrieved 14 May 2015. From

[13] Deportations. No Author.,. ‘Genocide Museum | The Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute’. Retrieved 14 May 2015. From